Instructions: Recall from the chapter that there are four fallacies of ambiguity: equivocation; accent; composition; and division.

  • In equivocation, a word, phrase or sentence is ambiguous in the context, and that ambiguity is used to mislead or is confusing.
  • In accent, the meaning of a sentence unambiguous in the context is changed by omitting or stressing some of its words.
  • In composition, we argue that what is true of the parts of a thing must necessarily be true of the whole, or that what is true of individuals in a group/species must be true of the whole group/species collectively.
  • In division, we argue that what is true of a whole thing must necessarily be true of parts of the whole, or that what is true of a group/species collectively must be true of the group members individually (i.e., distributively).

Note: you should take the practice tutorial before taking this quiz, since your grade will be recorded and sent to your instructor.