The following passages contain one of the following faulty inductive arguments.
|Bad appeal to authority||Citing an “expert” where the person is: not well identified; not truly an expert; speaking outside his/her field of expertise; not current; not quoted accurately; is biased of other not credible; not basing the opinion on open evidence; or is using theories and practices not standard in field.|
|Hasty generalization||Generalizing on a sample that is either biased or too small.|
|Accident||Applying a generalization rule to an atypical case.|
|False analogy||Using an analogy that overlooks a major, relevant difference.|
|False cause||Asserting a causal claim only on the basis of a temporal or statistical linkage.|
For each, identify what is wrong and the correct label.
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Question 1 of 15
Wow! Did you see that teenager run that red light? Teenage drivers are really pathetic.
Question 2 of 15
I believe one should never deliberately hurt another person, that’s why I can never be a cop.
Question 3 of 15
Over the last two centuries, while the earth has been warming, piracy has been on the decline. That is why we positively welcome global warming—it has been making piracy disappear!
Question 4 of 15
People who can’t do without their morning coffee are no better off than alcoholics.
Question 5 of 15
How do I know that the adult film industry is the third largest industry in America? My buddy Al, who watches porno flicks all day long, told me that.
Question 6 of 15
Most of the people who took our on-line poll support the President. So I think we can conclude the President will win re-election.
Question 7 of 15
Yes, I think it is right for the federal government to force citizens to have health insurance. After all, all state governments force car drivers to carry insurance, don’t they?
Question 8 of 15
All my life, I’ve had Cheerio’s for breakfast. Then, last Monday, like an idiot, I had bacon and eggs. That was the day we had the earthquake. Believe me, I’ve gone back to Cheerios and will stick to them!
Question 9 of 15
The Good Book says thou shalt not kill. This is why I don’t want to join the armed services.
Question 10 of 15
Buying stocks is like betting on the horses. You’re just going to lose your money—you can’t beat the odds.
Question 11 of 15
I know a farmer who collects thousands of dollars for not planting wheat and spends his spare time at the race track. That just shows how useless the US Department of Agriculture is.
Question 12 of 15
Studies show that people who drink more coffee than average are also thinner than average. This begs the question: is it the caffeine in coffee that helps people lose weight?
Question 13 of 15
Why do I think that we need a new engine for the car? Well, the mechanic at the repair shop told me so.
Question 14 of 15
Most rapists read pornography when they were teenagers. This shows that pornography causes violence to women.
Question 15 of 15
Why are you so upset that you broke your leg working out at the gym? You never heard of “No pain, no gain”?