In chapter 12 of the text, we learned that a generalization is reasonable only if it is based upon a large enough sample, where “large enough” is defined by the underlying variability of the population, the desired level of confidence, and the stated margin of error. And it also requires that the sample be random (or stratified). In regards to polling people, we added that the questions must be well-framed (i.e., not loaded, overly broad, or ambiguous) and the responds free to answer.

For each of the following generalizations, determine whether it is prima facie (on the face of it, i.e., without reading any other information to what is stated) reasonable and why, or prima facie unreasonable (i.e. fallacious) and why.